Yet another one of the major reasons for having an employment gap in your resume is spending time traveling. Like education, traveling can actually be a big benefit if you are looking for certain jobs. Spending time traveling shows that you have experience with other cultures. Jobs that require you to interact with different cultures or travel will look upon time spent traveling as a benefit. Make sure to explain that you were spending time traveling during your interview and, if relevant, mention it in your cover letter.
Many people include consulting projects as different jobs on their resumes. Instead of this, list consulting as only ONE job on your resume. Put the time you were consulting as one period and then in points under that job put the different consulting contracts you worked. If you list each consulting project as a different job it makes employers think you are just bouncing around between jobs. Remember they are usually just glancing at resumes before actually reading them.
Having an employment gap in your resume can be a red flag during the hiring process. Prepare to discuss the reasons before the interview or make sure your resume reflects the reasons you were without a job (consulting, education, volunteer work). Having a gap on your resume doesn’t have to kill you. Just make sure that you can prove that you have done something productive during that gap.